Places:Marrakesh, Agadir, Souss Massa, Oued Souss, Tamri, Tinerhir, Souss Valley, Tagdilt Plateau, Merzouga, Ouazarzate, Oukaimeden
Tour leaders: Tom Gibbons and Cristian Jensen
Tour members: Jhon Bird, Robert Davidson, Ray & Jean Evans, Stephanie Harrison, Ann Ramsey, Ian & Lydia Taylor, Gordon & Wendy wright
166 bird species recorded
Trip report written by TOM GIBBONS
Tour organized by GO BIRDING, BOLETAS and AUDOUIN BIRDING TOURS
Morocco had lived up to its reputation as a special place for birding. The birds were special, sometimes rare sometimes colourful, many different subspecies, a mix of European and African. The habitats were varied, with us experiencing sea-shore, estuaries, scrub desert, sand desert and snow capped mountains. The landscape was spectacular and who will ever forget the amazing clarity of the star-filled skies of the Sahara desert?
We had an uneventful flight (but on time!) into Marrakech and met our main guide Cristian. While the luggage was being loaded, we walked around the airport car-park area where we saw White Wagtails, Sardinian and Willow Warblers, Blackcap and Chiffchaff. The ubiquitous Collared Dove was also noted as was White Stork, Greenfinch and Goldfinch. The North African subspecies of House Bunting sang from the top of a wall and we were soon to learn that Morocco was “blessed” with endemic subspecies of a number of birds. Not bad before leaving the airport!
As we headed through the town on the Agadir road, Cristian shouted out on seeing a White rumped Swift but unfortunately only a couple of the group managed to see it as it flew behind a building. Common Bulbuls were in several places as we drove and the Barn Swallows were clearly making their migratory path north. The local subspecies of Magpie (mauritanica) was also seen but we would get much better views later where we could see the blue patch behind the eye. There were several Southern grey Shrikes on the wires and these were the algeriensis race.
A big surprise was a flock of Calandra Larks, the first Cristian had seen in Morocco. There were not many birds seen on the long drive to Agadir but the prize one was a juvenile Barbary Falcon seen at a stop. John was fortunate to pick out a Roller from the coach and eventually we were all relieved to get to the hotel and get a good meal after a long day.
Today we covered the riverine area of the Souss Massa National Park, visiting the Oued Massa in the morning and the Oued Souss in the late afternoon. Before leaving we saw in the hotel grounds Yellow legged Gulls, Common Bulbul, Blackcap, Sardinian Warbler, Pallid and Little Swifts and a group of Spanish Sparrows.
Our first “endemic” of the day was the Moussier Redstart and there were several along the road- a really beautiful bird. The “local” magpie gave us good views of its blue patch, differentiating it from our usual race. A pair of Little Owls near the town of Massa was a good find as they perched on walls and allowed some good photos.
A Ferruginous Duck was another good spot as it slept in the reeds of the river and we all enjoyed a typical Kingfisher fly-past. Several Cormorants were drying themselves displaying the extra white in their plumage of the mariccanus race. A fine male Blue Rock Thrush stayed long enough for everyone to get a good scoped view and Bulbuls seemed to be everywhere and were being very vocal. It was also clear a migratory passage of Chiffchaffs and Blackcaps was in full swing as some trees were dripping with them. After following the call of a Black crowned Chagra without success, one eventually popped up in a tree (also with a Black Redstart) and we watched for a while as it continued calling. A sub-adult Bonelli’s Eagle flew low over us being harried by a Kestrel, tiny in comparison to the eagle.
As we neared the mouth of the Massa, we saw many Greater Flamingos, Spoonbills and especially Glossy Ibis. On turning back towards the coach, a flock of c 30 Common Cranes flew away from us. We were all glad to reach the coach and tuck into our packed lunch.
Moving to the Oued Souss, the water was very low as the tide was out but a Bluethroat was a surprise sighting, if brief. Along the water’s edge we had Black headed, Lesser black backed, Yellow legged and Slender billed Gulls and numerous waders included Green sandpiper, Curlew, Whimbrel, Oystercatcher, Grey Plover, Ringed and Little ringed Plovers, Kentish Plover, Sanderling and Bar tailed Godwit. Terns noted were Caspian and Sandwich.
It was then back to the hotel to freshen up, bring the ticklist up to date and enjoy the excellent food.
After breakfast we headed north for our main destination, Tamri and saw the usual species from the bus Southern grey Shrike, Kestrel, Swallows etc.
We stopped at a gathering of Gulls on a beach, noting the Yellow legged Gulls but the main interest was a large number of Audouin Gulls- a single Sandwich Tern was also seen. Near Tamri village, we again drove down to the beach where more gulls had congregated but there were also Ruddy Shelduck. A Little ringed Plover picked its way along the edge of the water and in the surrounding bushes were Zitting Cisticola, a pair of Southern grey Shrikes and Stonechats. Out at sea, a single Gannet was spotted.
We returned to the bus and drove the coastal road north of Tamri, checking the surrounding scrub for the main target bird, the Bald Ibis. It wasn’t long before 3 were seen quite close to the road allowing many photos to be taken- such an endangered species and so we were especially privileged to have seen them in their natural habitat.
We returned to Tamri, but soon stopped as Cristian spotted a Barbary Falcon, which was flying low over the ground. However, it was then confirmed as a Peregrine as we got a closer look. Its mate was then seen on the ground tearing at some prey, possibly a gull. Further along the road we heard Short toed Lark and Spectacled Warbler calling and after searching the scrub, both were seen, the Spectacle Warbler being very co-operative by perching high on some bushes. We headed back across an area noted for Cream coloured Coursers but we were unsuccessful. At the lunch break in Tamri, we added Red rumped Swallow to the list.
Our final stop was in Paradise Valley where on a high cliff, we saw A Black Wheatear. Some time was spent watching a pair of Barbary Falcons flying from the cliff face where one of them had some form prey. A female Chaffinch was nearing completion of its nest and the male was seen to be noticeably different to its north European counterpart- the Moroccan bird being the Africana subspecies. It was then a long drive to our next hotel in Taroudant, which turned out to be a former palace with the hotel’s entrance actually being through the city wall. The hotel was a delight with the rooms having a galleried bedroom- it was also the last hotel we would be in with beer available!!
Today we spent travelling on to Tinerhir with occasional birding stops on the way.
There were many Swifts swirling above the hotel before we left comprising Common, Pallid and Little. A Hoopoe was seen briefly from the bus- much to Stephanie’s frustration!
Once out into open country it was noticeable how the land became more and more arid but while still green we stopped and watched a group of c 20 Black Kites huddled together on a pylon, clearly a migratory group waiting for the morning thermals to take them over the Atlas mountains. A second group of c 30 Black Kites was also seen grouped in the tops of trees.
Near Aoulouz we stopped on a bridge where we had excellent views of the Moroccan subspecies of the Chaffinch, showing how different if really was to ours. An Iberian Chiffchaff called and was then spotted as it flew into cover. Also here, a Striped Ground Squirrel sat high on a rock face while other birds included Cirl Bunting, Sardinian Warbler, Blue Rock Thrush and Spotless Starlings. An especially close view of a Moussier’s Redstart was much appreciated.
We then stopped to look at 4 White Storks using the thermals to gain height and later saw many perched on buildings in the towns. Several Black Wheatear were noted along the route. The landscape became very impressive, crossing a high plateau between two mountain ranges, one having many snow-capped peaks.
At the Tourandant – Ouarzarzate boundary we stopped and watched a number of Rock Sparrows and a couple of Desert Wheatear. Later we saw a pair of Red rumped Wheatear, then to become common (!) and in the distance a Long legged Buzzard rose into the sky. Pushing onwards, we eventually saw a couple of White crowned Wheatear.
We had a final stop as light was starting to fade (and the temperature was falling!) and above us at the top of a cliff was another Barbary Falcon, then flying to join another.
A tiring day’s travel but we still managed some very good birds and while it was called a travelling day, it was equally a Wheatear day, with 4 species seen.
Today we spent the morning and the late afternoon on the Tagdilt Plateau- our first experience of scrub desert- with the middle of the day in the Dades Gorge. It was cold in the early morning and everyone was well wrapped up before peeling the layers off by lunchtime- the onion process! Before reaching Tagdilt, we surprised a still-slumbering Short toed Eagle on a pylon and made it take an unanticipated early morning flight.
We then stopped at and explored a rocky slope which proved to be very productive and we recorded a pair of Trumpeter Finch, Desert Lark, White crowned Wheatear and the real gem, the Mourning Wheatear- all allowed good scoped views.
A Lanner Falcon flew past the bus as we moved on.
As we stopped to bird the Plateau, the area of widespread scrub desert looked very unpromising for birding but as we arrived, there was a lovely pair of Temminck’s Larks and Lesser Short toed Larks. Red rumped Wheatear were plentiful as were large numbers of Striped Ground Squirrels, in fact the area was teeming with them- many of these were checked as potential perched birds! A mixed flock of Short toed and Lesser short toed Larks allowed us to make good comparisons between the two species. Then after continuing our broad-lined walk across the plateau, we found some Bar tailed Larks. Cristian tried desperately to find Thick billed Larks but they proved totally elusive and then just as we were to stop for lunch, one was found- a fine male and we scoped this lovely bird for some time.
In the Gorge, we watched a pair of Barbary Falcons giving a fine aerial display while in the gardens of a house/auberge where we had a hot mint tea, we had close views of a pair of African Blue Tits – a delightful bird much darker blue on the head and overall with much more clearly marked plumage. A pair of Long legged Buzzards perched in a relatively close-by tree which gave us excellent views.
We returned to Tagdilt Plateau to seach for sandgrouse and after a short time, we put up 3 groups of Black bellied Sandgrouse (10, 15 and 12 birds).
Before returning to the hotel, we looked for a Pharoah Eagle Owl known to be in the area and after talking to a villager, we had a number of eager children “escorting” us to some cliff faces beyond the village where it had been seen. Our escorts continued to grow in number, some running down the high hills like mountain goats to get to us. Despite this local knowledge, we were though, unsuccessful and we headed back to the bus. However, no sooner had the first of us arrived back at the bus, than there was a shout to return along the track as an owl had been heard calling. It was found high in a crevice but it then moved forward on a ledge and we managed to get distant scoped views of the Pharoah Eagle Owl. The children were delighted to receive a bag of sweets which were shared among them.
If yesterday had been a Wheatear day, then today had clearly been a Lark day, with 7 species recorded.
We moved from Tinerhir, east into the desert to Merzouga, our next base and close to the Algerian border. Birding opportunities were limited and in the morning we added only Sparrowhawk and Great spotted Woodpecker to the triplist. A visit was made to the very narrow Todhra Gorge for a spectacularly scenic break, although we did see House Bunting, Blue Rock Thrush, Grey Wagtail and Kingfisher.
We later walked part of the scrub desert but unfortunately failed to find Tristram’s Warbler or Hoopoe Lark so we had our usual picnic lunch of tinned fish, lovely Moroccan bread, olives, tomatoes and fresh oranges. At the lunch spot, we saw several Southern grey Shrikes, noting these had more white on the wing and being of the elelgans subspecies. As we went further into the desert, we stopped and here we got both Tristram’s Warbler and the Hoopoe Lark, the latter giving exceptional views as it regularly did its display flight of going vertically into the air and gliding down to the perch it came from – its plaintive haunting call was almost continual.
After a short break for liquid refreshment, we made our final stop almost 15 kms short of Mergouza and walked into the scrub- again the area seeming bereft of birdlife. But before everyone had got off the bus, Cristian called out Cream coloured Courser. Once everyone had had the chance to scope it, we moved closed and then saw 4 or 5 Coursers, watching as they ran rather than flew away. This was a bird many in the group had wanted to see and to see the number we did, was very satisfying. Also at this spot, were more Hoopoe Larks and Desert Wheatear but then we had our first Desert Warbler- a real showstopper, albeit in its neat, subdued appearance and it responded to tape by coming extremely close to provide wonderful photo opportunities.
It was quite a long journey and the bird total was not large but the quality of those found and seen well, was really something special.
We had an early start and took off into the desert in our 4 x 4 vehicles. We stopped by an isolated hotel having passed a couple of camel herds and on a nearby building, several sparrows were flying about- these proved to be a mix of House and Spanish but there were also a couple of real stars- a male and female Desert Sparrow. The female was mostly absent, apparently getting nesting material so the male was the real focus of attention and he was a very smart bird and stood out from the other sparrows. A couple of Ruddy Shelduck flew by before we heard that our nomad had found a Houbara Bustard for us. The nomad, called Ouchaos, had gone to search for one for us the previous day and having done so, checked early today before contacting us. We drove immediately to where he said he would be and at once he pointed in a direction, We saw a male Houbara but we were totally unprepared as it commenced, over a period, 6 display dances. In these he would puff up his chest feathers into a large “powder puff”, tilt his head right back and ran in circles, totally unable to see where he was going until with a flick of his head, it was over. Mostly he ran in a clockwise direction, but occasionally he would go anti-clockwise and once he did a figure of 8. This was a fantastic performance and one we were very lucky and privileged to have seen. When he walked off, a Brown necked Raven fly right over us before it circled and landed some distance away. What a start to the day!
Then we continued our drive through the desert, seeing more Cream coloured Coursers, Bar tailed Lark and Hoopoe Lark.
At a “comfort” stop, we were surprised to find a second site for Desert Sparrow, which is good news for this very uncommon bird. This was followed by another Desert Warbler which responded well to a tape, coming very close indeed. Two Stone Curlew flew in and we managed to scope them well before they settled down and “disappeared”.
On the way to lunch, which we had in a villager’s home, we saw a group of 14 Coursers! At the lunch stop, we walked into a group of palms and were very lucky to find 2 Fulvous Babblers, one just calling but the other one providing excellent views. Southern grey Shrikes were now accepted as routine but those in this area were of the elegans subspecies, showing much more white on the wing. Cristian, when identifying species for us, seemed to take great delight in saying it was a different subspecies to that we might have seen elsewhere, but in fact merely emphasised why Moroccan birding is so special. In the village, children came from everywhere with goods to sell and these were usually necklaces and similar items fashioned from fossils and indeed, there were many mines throughout the country just mining for fossils. The young merchants even showed an awareness of foreign currency exchanges, changing their Euros they had accumulated for dirhams at a rate which was very close to the official one!
Continuing in the desert, we found Short toed Lark, again of the specific Sahara race while 3 of the 4 cars were lucky to surprise another Houbara, getting really close to it.
The afternoon was spent trying to find Sandgrouse, based on information supplied by the locals, which unfortunately proved unsuccessful but during which, we did see 3 further Babblers, a Long legged Buzzard and 2 Brown necked Ravens.
We finally called at Musti’s village and while there, we spotted Spectacled, Sardinian and Tristram’s Warblers in close proximity. The villagers again came out with their wares, this time in addition to the fossils, with scarves and shawls- so more business was done! However, we did find a man who had seen Sandgrouse the previous day and who agreed to show us the area. On getting there, Cristian spotted a further Houbara but no Sandgrouse and so, with dusk rapidly falling, we decided to call it a day. Just then as we had returned to the cars, Sandgrouse were heard calling and with the help of the cars’ headlights, we watched a group of 5 Crowned Sandgrouse- amazing. Relieved to have finally found them, we started to head home, but again we were literally stopped in our tracks as right in front of the cars was a female Houbara leading away 2 chicks.
A long day but it had been unforgettable with 2 amazingly lucky experiences at the beginning and end- a rare Houbara Bustard doing its full display dances and then a female with 2 chicks!
This was a transfer day back westwards to Ouazarzate with a few stops on the way. At the first we had Hoopoe Lark and Northern Wheatear (our first of the trip but the 6th wheatear). Then a Short toed Eagle was watched as it soared away and then we had a pair of Desert Larks. We pulled up to see a couple of Long legged Buzzards and when we were driving, we saw a Lanner and another Brown necked Raven.
On a mountain road, a running bird, partridge-like, was spotted but when we stopped we could not re-locate it. Ray did spot a Trumpeter Finch, though. Then we saw the movement of the bird seen from the bus, a Barbary Partridge and we followed it as it made its way over the rocks.
We continued the winding mountain road until we approached Ouazarzate and then headed straight to the town’s large reservoir. There were many mosquitoes around as it was dusk. There was a continuous stream of White Storks flying in to roost in the reeds, several hundred of them. Above them at one point were 2 Black Kites. There were also 2 perched Marsh Harriers and a single Osprey on a pole in the water. One tree in the water was initially festooned with dozens of White Wagtails. A Desert Wheatear stood on a rock quite close to us.
The most common bird around, apart from the storks, was the Cormorant, with large numbers on virtually every tree- this proved to be the sinensis subspecies, different to that previously seen.
Today we travelled round the reservoir, the main target being the Marbled Duck. However, despite trying many different parts of the water, we were unsuccessful in finding the duck. That is not to say there were no birds, though, because we saw literally hundreds of White Storks and good numbers of Ruddy Shelduck. There seemed to have been a fall of both Chiffchaffs and White Wagtails as there were hundreds of each, sometimes filling individual trees. We did have to watch our feet as we walked the narrow ledges among the alfalfa plots as the mud was quite deep in places, unfortunately as one group member found to his cost!
A mixed group of hirundines passed overhead and included Pallid Swifts, a few Little Swifts, Barn Swallows and a small number of Red rumped Swallows- migration in action.
In the shallows, apart from the Ruddy Ducks, Spoonbills and White Storks and Glossy Ibis fed together. The early migrants were just starting to arrive, somewhat later than usual, with Reed Warbler and Sedge Warbler present.
Among all the Wagtails, we eventually got all the group to see the darker headed local race, subpersonata, and it was easy to see the differences to the other White Wagtails.
After lunch back at the hotel, we walked the adjoining fields and after hearing several calls of a Little Owl, it was found in a palm tree- some good photos were taken.
Of the remaining notables, the best perhaps was a single female Bluethroat (White spotted) and a Reed Bunting, which was very uncommon in the area.
We left Ouazarzate to cross the mountains and return to Marrakech.
On the way, our first early stop produced Blue Rock Thrush, Crag Martins, Rock Doves and the usual White crowned Wheatear at the 17th century traditionally-built village of Ait Ben Haddou and although a World Heritage Site, it is still a working village. The usual merchants were here, of course, together with a man with a 5’ Montpellier Snake, which could be handled and photographer, for a small fee! The group took great delight in getting the tour leader to actually touch the snake, Cristian saying it was only a little poisonous!!!
Later we had Black Redstart, Black Wheatear and an excellent view of a Rock Sparrow, while a Rock Squirrel ran along a wall. A small group of Red billed Choughs appeared as we drove and at lunch, we added Rock Bunting and the Moroccan subspecies of the Great Tit, altogether more paler than ours.
Our final stop proved to be an excellent one for raptors. Firstly, a Peregrine, then a Booted Eagle (dark phase) and a Long legged Buzzard soared close to each other to give a good comparison opportunity. A group of 5 probable Lesser Kestrels drifted over the ridge and finally a Barbary Falcon was seen- 5 different raptors in a short period of time during which a fine male Serin sang almost incessantly above us.
Driving into Marrakech in the evening rush hour was another experience but we still managed to note the large number of Common Swifts, arriving in force on their migration and there was another swirling flock of Black Kites.
Our last day of birding in Morocco and it was to be spent at Oukaimeden, some 2600 metres high in the mountains – why?- well a Crimson winged Finch and Levaillant’s Woodpecker would be good!
On the way up, we stopped at a couple of places where the woodpecker could be, but it remained absent. What we did see, was Red rumped Swallow, Crag Martins and the UK- plumaged Chaffinch. More Red billed Choughs passed over and a further Long legged Buzzard. Our first Firecrest was very well received as was a Coal Tit, to keep our feet on the ground. We watched a pair of Lanner high on the rock face above us.
Driving up the mountain, we then saw a group of birders at the side of the road clearly focussed on a tree across the road. The amazing co-incidence of seeing this group, though, was that it was lead by Rick Taylor and his wife, Lynne from Arizona- Rick was my local partner and guide on my trips to Arizona and it was great to meet up with him. But, even more important, was the focus of their attention and we were delighted to see that it was a Levaillant’s Woodpecker perched on the side of a tree. It remained motionless apart from moving its head slightly and eventually its mate flew in and perched on the opposite side of the tree – clearly the reason the male had not moved was that the tree was the site of their nest. We took many photos and scoped the birds for some time before we headed back up the mountain towards the summit, but not before learning from Rick that he had just come down from there where they had seen Crimson winged Finch- the downside was that the weather had been so bad (snow and strong winds) that they had been unable to get out of the bus! Still we moved up and could see blue sky ahead and hopes rose.
As we neared the buildings at the foot of the cable-car, we could see dozens of Choughs, both Red billed and Yellow billed (Alpine). Rock Sparrows were in groups at the side of the road with some Rock Buntings which we could make out through the light snow which was ominously falling. But it was amazing in the car park to find walking among the cars, numerous Shore Larks (Moroccan subspecies, of course) and it was hard to reconcile those we see in winter on the Norfolk coast to those here almost at one’s feet. But no Crimson winged Finch. With the snow now stopping and the sun shining, we walked further to the other car parks where we saw a host of more Shore Larks, a flock of Mistle Thrushes while a Dipper was spotted on a small stream. Still no Crimson winged Finch, so we tramped back to the village to have a hot drink and our lunch. While we sat having our lunch, Cristian had been so frustrated at the absence of the Finch, that he skipped lunch and went searching elsewhere. Just then Chris spotted a bird on the top of a lamp-post and it turned out to be a Crimson winged Finch. It flew to the ground and walked around, allowing really close up views and some great photos – a phone call to Cristian brought him back down to us and he clearly was so pleased that one had turned up for us. He then gulped some lunch!
With that we returned to Marrakech in the late afternoon and a quick straw poll, saw a decision made that we would pay a visit to the famous square in Marrakech where there were all sorts of entertainment- from story-telling, fortune telling, acrobats, street music in several forms and snake charmers!! The atmosphere was wonderful. Cristian then took us to a building which was being used as a nesting site by Little Swifts and they zoomed around and between us at head height. Then we moved through the throng and into the shops in the alleyways where we had a very interesting few minutes in a Spice shop with the owner giving us all a presentation about the spices and their uses.- not sure who bough the Moroccan Viagra.
Then it was back to the hotel through the evening traffic (not recommended by anyone with a nervous disposition) for our evening meal.
We had a leisurely breakfast, finished the remainder of the packing and made our way to the airport for flight back to Manchester, saying our farewells to Musti and Ibrihim and especially to Cristian, who had become a friend to us during the trip.
1. Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
2. Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
3. Gannet Morus bassanus
4. Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo maroccanus & P.c.sinensis
5. Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
6. Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
7. Little Egret Egretta garzetta
8. European White Stork Ciconia ciconia
9. Northern Bald Ibis Geronticus eremita
10. Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
11. Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
12. Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
13. Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
14. Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
15. Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
16. Gadwall Anas strepera
17. Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
18. Northern Pintail Anas acuta
19. Common Teal Anas crecca
20. Common Pochard Aythya ferina
21. Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
22. Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
23. Osprey Pandion haliaetus
24. Short-toed Eagle Circaetus gallicus
25. Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata
26. Booted Eagle Aquila pennata
27. Black Kite Milvus migrans
28. Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
29. Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus cirtensis
30. Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
31. Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
32. Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni
33. Lanner Falco biarmicus erlangeri
34. Peregrine Falco peregrinus brookei
35. Barbary Falcon Falco (peregrinus) pelegrinoides
36. Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara spatzi
37. Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
38. Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
39. Common Crane Grus grus
40. Houbara Bustard Chlamydotis undulata undulata
41. Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus saharae
42. Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor
43. Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
44. Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
45. Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
46. Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
47. Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius curonicus
48. Kentish Plover Charadrius alexandrinus
49. Sanderling Calidris alba
50. Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
51. Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
52. Common Redshank Tringa totanus
53. Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
54. Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
55. Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
56. Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
57. Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
58. Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
59. Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
60. Black-headed Gull Larus ridibundus
61. Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei
62. Mediterranean Gull Larus melanocephalus
63. Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii
64. Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis
65. Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus graellsii
66. Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
67. Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis
68. Caspian Tern Sterna caspia
69. Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis
70. Crowned Sandgrouse Pterocles coronatus
71. Rock Dove Columba livia
72. Common Wood Pigeon Columba palumbus
73. Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
74. Laughing Dove Streptopelia senegalensis phoenicophila
75. Pharaoh Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus
76. Little Owl Athene noctua glaux
77. Common Swift Apus apus
78. Pallid Swift Apus pallidus brehmorum
79. Little Swift Apus affinis galilejensis
80. White rumped Swift Apus caffer
81. European Roller Coracias garrulus
82. Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
83. Common Hoopoe Upupa epops
84. Great Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major mauritanus
85. Levaillant's Woodpecker Picus vaillantii
86. Skylark Alauda arvensis
87. Greater Hoopoe Lark Alaemon alaudipes
88. Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura arenicolor
89. Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
90. Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti payni
91. Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey
92. Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla rubiginosus (sahara) and brachydactyla (migrant)
93. Lesser short toed Lark Calandrella rufescens minor
94. Horned Lark (Shore Lark) Eremophila alpestris atlas
95. Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha
96. Crested Lark Galerida cristata
97. Thekla Lark Galerida theklae
98. Common Sand Martin Riparia riparia
99. Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
100. Northern House Martin Delichon urbicum
101. Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
102. Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica rufula
103. Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
104. Yellow Wagtail Motacilla flava iberiae
105. Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
106. White Wagtail Motacilla alba alba & M.a.subpersonata
107. Winter Wren Troglodytes troglodytes kabylorum
108. White-throated Dipper Cinclus cinclus minor
109. Common Bulbul Pycnonotus barbatus
110. European Robin Erithacus rubecula
111. Bluethroat Luscinia svecica cyanecula
112. Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis
113. Moussier's Redstart Phoenicurus moussieri
114. Red-rumped Wheatear Oenanthe moesta
115. Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
116. Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti homochroa
117. Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens halophila
118. White-crowned Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga
119. Black Wheatear Oenanthe leucura syenitica
120. European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
121. Blue Rock-thrush Monticola solitarius
122. Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
123. Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
124. Eurasian Blackbird Turdus merula mauritanicus
125. Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis cisticola
126. Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
127. Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
128. Eurasian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus scirpaceus
129. Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
130. Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
131. Iberian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus ibericus
132. Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
133. African Desert Warbler Sylvia deserti
134. Tristram's Warbler Sylvia deserticola
135. Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata
136. Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala
137. Firecrest Regulus ignicapilla balearicus
138. Coal Tit Periparus ater atlas
139. Great Tit Parus major excelsus
140. African Blue Tit Cyanistes ultramarinus
141. Black-crowned Tchagra Tchagra senegalus cucullata
142. Southern Grey Shrike Lanius meridionalis algeriensis and L.m.elegans
143. Fulvous Babbler Turdoides fulva maroccanus
144. Eurasian Jay Garrulus glandarius minor
145. Common Magpie Pica pica mauritanica
146. Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax barbarus
147. Alpine Chough Pyrrhocorax graculus
148. Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis
149. Common Raven Corvus corax tingitanus
150. Spotless Starling Sturnus unicolor
151. House Sparrow Passer domesticus tingitanus
152. Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
153. Desert Sparrow Passer simplex saharae
154. Rock Sparrow Petronia petronia barbara
155. Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs africana and F.c.coelebs
156. Common Linnet Carduelis cannabina
157. European Serin Serinus serinus
158. European Greenfinch Carduelis chloris aurantiventris and C.c. voousi (atlas)
159. European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis parva
160. Crimson-winged Finch Rhodopechys sanguineus aliena
161. Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus zedlitzi
162. Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
163. Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
164. Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
165. Cirl Bunting Emberiza cirlus
166. House Bunting Emberiza striolata sahari
OTHER SPECIES HEARD
Eurasian Scops Owl
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